Export Controls for Researchers
Two Sets of Federal Regulations
- The Export Administration Regulations (EAR), administered by the Commerce Department, apply to the export of “dual-use” items and their technology (i.e., items that have both commercial and military application).
- Many activities at Yale may involve EAR-covered technologies. Examples: computers, chemicals, telecommunications, electronics, microorganisms.
- The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), administered by the State Department, apply to munitions, or defense articles and defense services (i.e., those articles and services that are specifically designed for military applications). Generally deals with munitions, defense articles, biohazards and most space-related technologies.
- ITAR is of limited concern to Yale because Yale does little research involving defense technology.
The Treasury Department through its Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) also oversees the U.S. embargoes and sanction programs which restrict export of goods to certain countries. For more information see Economic Sanctions and Embargoes.